Соответствующая норма
Spain
Practice Relating to Rule 45. Causing Serious Damage to the Natural Environment
Spain’s LOAC Manual (1996) states:
There is a serious concern today about the protection of the natural environment which is translated in the law of war in the form of three specific prohibitions to use means and methods of warfare which would cause widespread, long-term and severe damage to the environment (Articles 35 and 55 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I and the 1976 ENMOD Convention). 
Spain, Orientaciones. El Derecho de los Conflictos Armados, Publicación OR7-004, 2 Tomos, aprobado por el Estado Mayor del Ejército, Division de Operaciones, 18 March 1996, Vol. I, §§ 1.3.d.(4) and 4.5.b.(4).
Spain’s LOAC Manual (2007) states:
Current concern over the protection of the natural environment is reflected in the law of war in three specific prohibitions of the use of methods or means of warfare which are intended or may be expected to cause widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural environment (Articles 35 and 55 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I and the 1976 ENMOD Convention). 
Spain, Orientaciones. El Derecho de los Conflictos Armados, Tomo 1, Publicación OR7–004, (Edición Segunda), Mando de Adiestramiento y Doctrina, Dirección de Doctrina, Orgánica y Materiales, 2 November 2007, § 1.3.d.(4); see also §§ 2.3.b.(3), 3.1.d.(7), 4.5.b.(4) and 7.3.b.(2).(c).
Spain’s Penal Code (1995) provides for the punishment of:
anyone who, during armed conflict, uses methods or means of combat, or orders them to be used, which are … conceived to cause, or with good reason are expected to cause, extensive, permanent and severe damage to the natural environment, endangering the health or the survival of the population. 
Spain, Penal Code, 1995, Article 610.
Spain’s Penal Code (1995), as amended in 2003, states:
Anyone who in the event of an armed conflict employs or orders the employment of prohibited means or methods of combat … that are intended, or may be expected, to cause widespread, long-term and severe damage to the environment and thereby to prejudice the health or survival of the population … shall be punished with ten to 15 years’ imprisonment, without prejudice to a penalty for the results of such acts. 
Spain, Penal Code, 1995, as amended on 25 November 2003, Article 610.
Spain’s Royal Ordinances for the Armed Forces (2009) states that members of the armed forces
[m]ust not use means and methods of warfare prohibited by International Humanitarian Law … that are intended, or may be expected, to cause widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural environment, [thus] compromising the health or survival of the population. 
Spain, Royal Ordinances for the Armed Forces, 2009, Article 114.
Spain’s LOAC Manual (1996) includes among prohibited methods of warfare all military or other hostile uses of environmental modification techniques having widespread, long-term or severe effects, which are adopted as a means of destruction, damage, or injury to any other State. 
Spain, Orientaciones. El Derecho de los Conflictos Armados, Publicación OR7-004, 2 Tomos, aprobado por el Estado Mayor del Ejército, Division de Operaciones, 18 March 1996, Vol. I, § 3.3.(b).6.
Spain’s LOAC Manual (2007) states: “It is prohibited to use environmental modification techniques for military or hostile purposes, which could cause widespread, long-term and severe damage to the environment, as a means to cause destruction, damage or harm to another State.” 
Spain, Orientaciones. El Derecho de los Conflictos Armados, Tomo 1, Publicación OR7–004, (Edición Segunda), Mando de Adiestramiento y Doctrina, Dirección de Doctrina, Orgánica y Materiales, 2 November 2007, § 3.3.b.(6); see also § 3.1.d.(7).