Соответствующая норма
Spain
Practice Relating to Rule 42. Works and Installations Containing Dangerous Forces
Spain’s LOAC Manual (1996) states:
Dams, dykes and nuclear electrical generating stations must not be the object of attack, even when they are military objectives, if such attack may cause severe losses to the civilian population. Nevertheless, this protection ceases if they are being used in regular, significant and direct support to military operations. 
Spain, Orientaciones. El Derecho de los Conflictos Armados, Publicación OR7-004, 2 Tomos, aprobado por el Estado Mayor del Ejército, Division de Operaciones, 18 March 1996, Vol. I, § 2.3.b.(2); see also §§ 1.3.d.(2), 4.5.b.(2)(b) and 7.3.b.(4).
The manual further states that “launching an attack against works or installations containing dangerous forces in the knowledge that such attack will cause excessive loss of life, injury to civilians or damage to civilian objects” constitutes a war crime. 
Spain, Orientaciones. El Derecho de los Conflictos Armados, Publicación OR7-004, 2 Tomos, aprobado por el Estado Mayor del Ejército, Division de Operaciones, 18 March 1996, Vol. I, § 11.8.b.(1).
Spain’s LOAC Manual (2007) states: “Works and installations containing dangerous forces … are protected in view of the serious consequences that their destruction could have for the civilian population. They basically include dams, dykes and nuclear power stations.” 
Spain, Orientaciones. El Derecho de los Conflictos Armados, Tomo 1, Publicación OR7–004, (Edición Segunda), Mando de Adiestramiento y Doctrina, Dirección de Doctrina, Orgánica y Materiales, 2 November 2007, § 1.3.d.(2).
The manual further states:
Dams, dykes and nuclear power stations must not be made the object of attack, even when they are military objectives, if such an attack may cause severe losses among the civilian population. However, they cease to be protected in this way if they are used in regular, significant and direct support of military operations and if attacking them is the only feasible way to terminate such support. 
Spain, Orientaciones. El Derecho de los Conflictos Armados, Tomo 1, Publicación OR7–004, (Edición Segunda), Mando de Adiestramiento y Doctrina, Dirección de Doctrina, Orgánica y Materiales, 2 November 2007, § 2.3.b.(2); see also §§ 4.5.b.(2).(b) and 7.3.b.(4).(a).
In addition, the manual states:
Attacks on nuclear power stations supporting enemy operations are only permitted if it is “the only feasible way to terminate such support”.
Attacks on dams and dykes being used for a purpose other than their usual one in support of military operations are permitted if it is “the only feasible way to terminate such support”. 
Spain, Orientaciones. El Derecho de los Conflictos Armados, Tomo 1, Publicación OR7–004, (Edición Segunda), Mando de Adiestramiento y Doctrina, Dirección de Doctrina, Orgánica y Materiales, 2 November 2007, § 2.4.c.(6).
Spain’s Penal Code (1995) provides for the punishment of
anyone who, in the event of armed conflict, should … attack … those installations that contain dangerous forces when such actions may produce the liberation of these forces and cause, as a result, considerable losses among the civilian population, except in the case that such installations are regularly used in direct support of military operations and that such attacks are the only feasible means of ending such support. 
Spain, Penal Code, 1995, Article 613(1)(d).
Spain’s Penal Code (1995), as amended in 2010, states:
1. Anyone who in the event of an armed conflict commits or orders to be committed any of the following acts shall be punished with four to six years’ imprisonment:
f. Attacking … works and installations containing dangerous forces, if such attacks may cause the release of such forces and cause, as a result, considerable losses among the civilian population, except in the case that such works or installations are regularly used in significant and direct support of military operations and that such attacks are the only feasible means of ending such support;
2. … In all other cases mentioned in the above article, the higher sentence can be imposed when extensive and important destructions are caused to the property, objects or installations or [the acts] are of extreme gravity. 
Spain, Penal Code, 1995, as amended on 23 June 2010, Article 613(1)(f) and (2).
Spain’s LOAC Manual (1996) provides: “Installations and armaments that are necessary to defend [works or installations containing dangerous forces] are permissible, provided they are not used in the hostilities.” 
Spain, Orientaciones. El Derecho de los Conflictos Armados, Publicación OR7-004, 2 Tomos, aprobado por el Estado Mayor del Ejército, Division de Operaciones, 18 March 1996, Vol. I, § 4.5.b.(2)(b).
Spain’s LOAC Manual (2007) states: “It is permitted to equip such installations [works and installations containing dangerous forces] with the facilities and armament required to defend them, provided that they are not used in the hostilities.” 
Spain, Orientaciones. El Derecho de los Conflictos Armados, Tomo 1, Publicación OR7–004, (Edición Segunda), Mando de Adiestramiento y Doctrina, Dirección de Doctrina, Orgánica y Materiales, 2 November 2007, § 4.5.b.(2).(b).
The manual also states: “In defensive operations, every effort must be made to ensure that military objectives are not located in the vicinity of such installations [nuclear power stations, dams and dykes].” 
Spain, Orientaciones. El Derecho de los Conflictos Armados, Tomo 1, Publicación OR7–004, (Edición Segunda), Mando de Adiestramiento y Doctrina, Dirección de Doctrina, Orgánica y Materiales, 2 November 2007, § 7.3.b.(4).(a).