Practice Relating to Rule 138. The Elderly, Disabled and Infirm
Section B. The disabled and infirm
Spain’s LOAC Manual (1996) provides: “In besieged or encircled areas where there is a civilian population, it shall be endeavoured to conclude local agreements with the enemy to organize the evacuation of … [the] infirm”.
Spain’s LOAC Manual (2007) states: “The parties to the conflict are encouraged to conclude agreements to establish safety zones to protect … the disabled … from the effects of war.”
In addition, the manual states: “In besieged or encircled areas where there are civilians, efforts must be made to conclude local agreements with the enemy for the evacuation of … the infirm.”