Соответствующая норма
Practice Relating to Rule 80. Booby-Traps
Ecuador’s Naval Manual (1989) states:
Booby traps … are not unlawful, provided they are not designed to cause unnecessary suffering. Devices that are designed to simulate items likely to attract and injure non-combatants … are prohibited. Attaching booby traps to protected persons or objects, such as the wounded and sick, dead bodies, or medical facilities and supplies, is similarly prohibited. 
Ecuador, Aspectos Importantes del Derecho Internacional Marítimo que Deben Tener Presente los Comandantes de los Buques, Academia de Guerra Naval, 1989, § 9.5.