Соответствующая норма
Ecuador
Practice Relating to Rule 65. Perfidy
Section I. Simulation of civilian status
Ecuador’s Naval Manual (1989) states that illegal combatants may be denied prisoner-of-war status, tried and punished. It also states: “It is a violation of the law of armed conflict to kill, injure, or capture the enemy by false indication of … civilian status … Attacking enemy forces while posing as a civilian puts all civilians at hazard. Such acts of perfidy are punishable as war crimes.” 
Ecuador, Aspectos Importantes del Derecho Internacional Marítimo que Deben Tener Presente los Comandantes de los Buques, Academia de Guerra Naval, 1989, §§ 12.7 and 12.7.1.