Соответствующая норма
Practice Relating to Rule 24. Removal of Civilians and Civilian Objects from the Vicinity of Military Objectives
Ecuador’s Naval Manual (1989) states: “Any party to an armed conflict must remove civilians and other noncombatants under its control from the vicinity of targets of likely enemy attacks.” 
Ecuador, Aspectos Importantes del Derecho Internacional Marítimo que Deben Tener Presente los Comandantes de los Buques, Academia de Guerra Naval, 1989, § 11.2.