Practice Relating to Rule 3. Definition of Combatants
Djibouti’s Disciplinary Regulations (1982) states:
[S]oldiers in combat must consider the following to be lawful combatants: members of the armed forces and organized units, franc-tireurs detached from their regular units, commando detachments and isolated saboteurs and members of voluntary militias, self-defence groups and organized resistance movements.
In order for these categories [of persons] to be considered lawful combatants, their units, organizations and groups must have a designated commander and their members must display a distinctive sign, especially on their clothing, carry their arms openly and respect the laws and customs of war.
In 2010, in the History and Geography Textbook for 8th Grade, Djibouti’s Ministry of National Education and Higher Education, under the heading “Terminology”, defined a combatant as “a member of armed forces or of an armed group under the command of a party to the conflictˮ.