Practice Relating to Rule 87. Humane Treatment
Upon ratification of the 1949 Geneva Convention IV, China stated:
Although the Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of August 12, 1949, does not apply to civilian persons outside enemy-occupied areas and consequently does not completely meet humanitarian requirements, it is found to be in accord with the interest of protecting civilian persons in occupied territory and in certain other cases.
China’s Prison Law (1994) states:
The human dignity of a prisoner shall not be humiliated, and his personal safety, lawful properties, and rights to defence, petition, complaint and accusation as well as other rights which have not been deprived of or restricted according to law shall not be violated.
In 2005, in a white paper on “China’s Progress in Human Rights in 2004”, China stated:
The legal rights and interests of people in custody are protected by law. In 2004, the Ministry of Public Security and the Supreme People’s Procuratorate jointly planned, organized and launched a drive to build “model units for strengthening the enforcement of surveillance and legal supervision, and for guaranteeing smooth criminal proceedings and the legal rights and interests of detainees” in all the detention houses throughout China. Consequently, a large number of model detention houses have emerged with advanced facilities, standard law enforcement and humane management.