Practice Relating to Rule 36. Demilitarized Zones
Section A. Establishment of demilitarized zones
Cameroon’s Instructor’s Manual (1992), while defining demilitarized zones as zones where all military activities have ceased, states that conditions regarding demilitarized zones are established by an express agreement between the belligerents.
Cameroon’s Instructor’s Manual (2006) states:
Neutralized Geographical Zones: Neutral Space
A neutralized geographical zone can be established by mutual agreement between belligerents.
This refers to a demilitarized zone in which all war efforts must have ceased.
In this case, an express agreement … is signed between belligerents either in times of peace or after the opening of hostilities.
The manual also states: “[Demilitarized Zones] are those zones in which all military activities have ceased, be it by virtue of agreement between the belligerents or by virtue of international conventions.”
The manual further states under the heading “Responsibility for Acts or Omissions of which Subordinates Are Accused” that commanders may be responsible if their subordinates “profit from a truce in order to consolidate their positions … with respect to demilitarized zones”.