Practice Relating to Rule 60. Improper Use of the United Nations Emblem or Uniform
Côte d’Ivoire’s Penal Code (1981), as amended in 1998, punishes “any individual who, in an area of military operations, uses, in violation of the laws and customs of war, the distinctive insignia and emblems, defined by international conventions, to ensure respect for protected persons, objects and places”.
Côte d’Ivoire’s Penal Code (1981), as amended in 2015, states:
Whoever commits a war crime is punished with life imprisonment.
War crimes are:
2 - other serious violations of the laws and customs applicable in international armed conflict, within the established framework of international law, namely, any of the following acts:
- making improper use … of the flag or of the military insignia and uniform … of the United Nations … , resulting in death or serious personal injury[.]