Practice Relating to Rule 23. Location of Military Objectives outside Densely Populated Areas
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book III, Volume 1 (Instruction of first-year trainee officers):
IV.2.1. Obligations in the planning of defensive actions
… [P]ersons participating in the preparation or conduct of defensive operations must take into account the following demands defined by the law of armed conflict.
So far as possible, defensive positions shall be chosen and installed well away from populated areas. If there is a choice between several defensive positions offering an equivalent military advantage, those which probably represent the least danger to civilians or civilian objects will be chosen.
In Book IV (Instruction of heads of division and military commanders), the Teaching Manual provides:
In order to protect civilians, the Parties to the conflict shall, to the maximum extent feasible:
- avoid locating military objectives within or near densely populated areas.