Practice Relating to the Prohibition of Certain Types of Landmines
Brazil’s Anti-Personnel Mines Act (2001) provides: “It is prohibited the use, development, manufacturing, marketing, import, export, acquisition, stockpile, retention or transfer, directly or indirectly, of anti-personnel mines on national territory.”
On 20 December 1996, the Brazilian Ministry of External Relations sent a communication to its Canadian counterpart stating its commitment to a comprehensive ban on anti-personnel landmines, but noting: “Brazil would accept to take part in eventual negotiations with an independent forum – as the one created with the Ottawa Process – if this forum had a massive support of the international community.”
Brazil joined the core group of countries that took responsibility for developing and promoting the mine ban treaty just prior to the Brussels Conference on Anti-personnel Landmines in June 1997, where it endorsed the Final Declaration. It attended as a full participant the Oslo negotiations in September 1997 which led to the adoption of a treaty banning anti-personnel landmines. It also voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolutions in support of a ban on anti-personnel landmines in 1996 and 1998.