Соответствующая норма
Benin
Practice Relating to Rule 5. Definition of Civilians
Benin’s Military Manual (1995) defines civilians as “persons who do not belong to the Armed Forces [nor] take part in a levée en masse (civilian populations, men, women, children, journalists, journalists on a dangerous mission)”. 
Benin, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Forces Armées du Bénin, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1995, Fascicule I, p. 12.