Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Bulgaria’s Penal Code (1968), as amended in 1999, provides that “a person who, without having such right, bears the emblem of the Red Cross or of the Red Crescent, or who abuses a flag or a sign of the Red Cross or of the Red Crescent or the colour determined for the transport vehicles for medical evacuation” commits a war crime.
Bulgaria’s Red Cross Society Law (1995) provides:
In case of war, the use of the emblem shall be restricted in accordance with the provisions of the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and the Additional Protocols of 8 June 1977 … The misuse of the emblem set up by the Geneva Conventions … and the name of the Red Cross shall be punished.