Practice Relating to Rule 29. Medical Transports
Section C. Respect for and protection of hospital ships
Somalia’s Military Criminal Code (1963) states:
363. Where a commander fails to adopt measures to protect buildings, places or objects that must be respected. – 1. A penalty of military confinement for up to three years shall be imposed on a commander of attacking forces who fails to adopt the measures prescribed by law and by international agreements to ensure respect for:
(a) … hospital ships [and] ambulance ships, … where they are not at the same time being used for military purposes and have been designated by the distinctive signs specified in the international conventions, or have in some way been indicated in advance to the enemy, and are easily visible even from a great distance and at a high altitude.
375. Use of weapons against … medical ships …
– Anyone who uses weapons against … hospital ships, ambulance ships or their vessels … when, in accordance with the law and international agreements, they must be regarded as respected and protected, shall, unless the act constitutes a more serious offence, be punished by military confinement for not less than 10 years.