Practice Relating to Rule 45. Causing Serious Damage to the Natural Environment
Under Georgia’s Criminal Code (1999), any war crime provided for by the 1998 ICC Statute which is not explicitly mentioned in the Code, such as “intentionally launching an attack in the knowledge that such attack will cause … widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural environment which would be clearly excessive in relation to the concrete and direct overall military advantage anticipated” in international armed conflict, is a crime.
Georgia’s Criminal Code (1999), taking into account amendments up to 2017, states:
1. Ecocide i.e. contamination of the atmosphere, soil, water resources, mass destruction of fauna or flora, or any other act that could have led to an ecological disaster, –
shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of twelve to twenty years.
2. The same act committed during armed conflicts, –
shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of fourteen to twenty years or with life imprisonment.