Practice Relating to Rule 29. Medical Transports
Section A. Respect for and protection of medical transports
Cameroon’s Disciplinary Regulations (1975) provides that, under the laws and customs of war, each soldier must respect medical transports.
Cameroon’s Instructor’s Manual (1992) provides that medical transports exclusively used to transport wounded, sick and shipwrecked and medical material enjoy the protection granted thereto by the laws of war.
Cameroon’s Instructor’s Manual (2006) states:
352.2 – Special protection: (persons and objects specially protected.)
Certain categories of persons and objects benefit from special protection under the law of armed conflict and international humanitarian law, both in the civilian domain and in the military domain.
352.20 Military medical services
The totality of land, air and sea means of transport dedicated to the transport of victims of armed conflicts (except for prisoners of war), medical and religious personnel and medical equipment or furniture constitute medical transports [and are specially protected].
The manual also states: “Medical transport must not be used … in combat.”
Cameroon’s Disciplinary Regulations (2007) states:
Article 31: Humanitarian rules
Every soldier must:
- respect medical units, establishments and transports, hospital zones and localities, places where the wounded and sick, civilian or military, are collected, the emblems of the Red Cross, the Red Crescent and national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies, which are protective signs as such, as well as medical personnel;
For the application of the rules addressed in the two preceding paragraphs,
it is evidently necessary that the structures and buildings are not being used for military purposes;
These rules apply to the extent possible to operations undertaken by aircraft and navy ships against targets on land or at sea.