Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of
Practice Relating to Rule 145. Reprisals
Section D. Order at the highest authority of government
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia’s Military Manual (1988) states: “The armed forces of the SFRY [Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia] shall undertake reprisals against the enemy … only by order of a commander who is competent to determine reprisals.”
In another provision, the manual specifies that reprisals must be ordered by a competent commander (corps commander and equal or higher rank responsible for the sector in which the violation of the adversary took place), except when a commander of a lesser rank cannot establish contact with higher command. Reprisals against an entire enemy force can only be ordered by the Supreme Command.