Practice Relating to Rule 129. The Act of Displacement
Section A. Forced displacement
Argentina’s Law of War Manual (1969) provides:
Protected persons may not be transferred to a power which is not party to the 1949 Geneva Convention IV … In no case may a protected person be transferred to a State where he or she has reason to fear persecution on account of his or her political opinions or religious beliefs.
The manual also provides:
Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory to the territory of the occupying Power or to that of another country, occupied or not, are prohibited, regardless of their motive.
Argentina’s Law of War Manual (1989) states that “illegal deportations and transfers” constitute grave breaches.