Practice Relating to Rule 30. Persons and Objects Displaying the Distinctive Emblem
Zimbabwe’s Code of Conduct for Combatants (1993), under the heading “Combat rules”, states:
Respect these signs [i.e. the red cross, red crescent and red crystal]!
- wounded and sick
- medical staff and Red Cross/Red Crescent/Red Crystal personnel
- ambulances and Red Cross/Red Crescent/Red Crystal transports
- hospital, first-aid posts and Red Cross/Red Crescent/Red Crystal premises.
The Code of Conduct further states: “Special protection is to be given to Red Cross/Red Crescent/Red Crystal personnel, buildings and equipment.”
Under the heading “Distinctive signs”, the Code of Conduct shows an image of a building with a red cross on a white ground and states: “Leave these buildings [and] establishments … untouched”.
Under the same heading, in a section on “[R]eligious personnel (military and civilian)”, the manual lists the red cross, red crescent and red crystal on a white ground and states: “Respect those bearing and objects marked with such signs.”