Practice Relating to Rule 161. International Cooperation in Criminal Proceedings
Zimbabwe’s Extradition Act (1982) provides:
(1) Subject to this Act, a person may be arrested, detained and extradited from Zimbabwe to a designated country … for an offence in respect of which in the designated country he is accused or has been convicted and is required to be sentenced or to undergo punishment, whether the offence was committed before or after the declaration of the country concerned as a designated country.
(2) This part shall apply to any offence which –
(a) is punishable in the law of the designated country concerned by imprisonment for a period of twelve months or by any more severe punishment; and
(b) would constitute an offence punishable in Zimbabwe if the act or omission constituting the offence took place in Zimbabwe or, in the case of an extraterritorial offence, in corresponding circumstances outside Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe’s Extradition Act (1982) provides: “No extradition to a designated country shall take place … if the offence for which the extradition is requested is an offence of a political character.”
In 2012, in a reply to a Member of Parliament regarding the handover of a member of the Rwandan Army to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the policy of Zimbabwe on genocide perpetrators, Zimbabwe’s Minister of Foreign Affairs stated:
Anyone accused of having committed this heinous crime [genocide] must be brought to book under international law.
An international Warrant of Arrest of Mr. Mpiranya has been issued under international law; and as an active member of the United Nations … Zimbabwe is duty bound to honour and respect the International Warrant of Arrest issued by an International Tribunal established by the United Nations Security Council Resolution. In this regard, Zimbabwe will effect Mr Mpiranya’s arrest, should he be found to be on Zimbabwean territory.