Practice Relating to Rule 151. Individual Responsibility
Section B. Individual civil liability
South Africa’s LOAC Teaching Manual (2008) states:
1.2 Reasons for compliance with LOAC [law of armed conflict] and basic principles thereof.
. Apart from the abovementioned interests that are addressed by compliance with the LOAC, it must be borne in mind that non-compliance will have legal implications in that it will result in criminal as well as civil liability for both the offender and their commanders.
The manual also states:
- Individual Responsibility regarding War Crimes and Grave Breaches.
Individuals can be held criminally and civilly responsible for war crimes or grave breaches they commit themselves or assist others to commit.