Norma relacionada
South Africa
Practice Relating to Rule 151. Individual Responsibility
Section B. Individual civil liability
South Africa’s LOAC Teaching Manual (2008) states:
1.2 Reasons for compliance with LOAC [law of armed conflict] and basic principles thereof.
Individuals’ Interests
Military Interests
Nations’ Interests
Legal Considerations. Apart from the abovementioned interests that are addressed by compliance with the LOAC, it must be borne in mind that non-compliance will have legal implications in that it will result in criminal as well as civil liability for both the offender and their commanders. 
South Africa, Advanced Law of Armed Conflict Teaching Manual, School of Military Justice, 1 April 2008, as amended to 25 October 2013, Learning Unit 1, pp. 13–16.
The manual also states:
- Individual Responsibility regarding War Crimes and Grave Breaches.
Individuals can be held criminally and civilly responsible for war crimes or grave breaches they commit themselves or assist others to commit. 
South Africa, Advanced Law of Armed Conflict Teaching Manual, School of Military Justice, 1 April 2008, as amended to 25 October 2013, Learning Unit 5, p. 238.