Practice Relating to Rule 93. Rape and Other Forms of Sexual Violence
Uruguay’s Law on Cooperation with the ICC (2006) states:
A person who commits any of the following acts with the intention to destroy in whole or in part a national, ethnic, religious, political, or trade union group or a group with their own identity based on gender, sexual orientation, cultural or social reasons, age, disability or health, is punished with fifteen to thirty years’ imprisonment:
B) … sexual aggression [or] enforced pregnancy … of one or more members of the group.
D) measures intended to prevent births within the group.
The Law also lists the following crime under the heading “Crimes against Humanity – Isolated Acts”:
Any person who is a State agent or who is not a State agent but acts under the authority, support or acquiescence of one or more State agents and who commits an act of sexual aggression against a person deprived of their liberty or under their custody or control or against a person in their custody or under their control or who appears before authorities as expert witness or other kind of witness must be punished with two to fifteen years’ imprisonment.
The Law further states:
26.2. Persons and objects affected by the war crimes set out in the present provision are persons and objects which international law protects in international or internal armed conflict.
26.3. The following are war crimes:
30. Committing rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilization as comprised in Article 24 and as referred to in Article 7, paragraph (g) of the Rome Statute, or any other form of sexual violence also constituting a grave breach of the  Geneva Conventions.