Practice Relating to Rule 92. Mutilation and Medical, Scientific or Biological Experiments
Ukraine’s IHL Manual (2004) states: “Serious violations of international humanitarian law directed against people include: … medical, biological or scientific experiments on human beings”.
The manual further states that “mutilation”, or threats of such action, against the following persons is prohibited in non-international armed conflicts:
- persons taking no active part in the hostilities;
- members of armed forces who have laid down their arms;
- those placed hors de combat
by sickness, wounds, detention, or any other cause.
In 1999, in its sixth periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, Ukraine stated:
72. In article 64, paragraph 2, the Constitution lists those rights and freedoms which may not be restricted under martial law or a state of emergency.
73. These rights and freedoms include, among others, the following:
- … No person shall be subjected to medical, scientific or other experiments without his or her free consent.