Practice Relating to Rule 98. Enforced Disappearance
El Salvador’s Human Rights Charter of the Armed Forces provides that “detention-disappearance” is a violation of human rights.
El Salvador’s Penal Code (1997) provides for the punishment of the crime of enforced disappearance.
In 2010, in its written replies to the Human Rights Committee concerning its sixth periodic report, El Salvador stated:
[I]n the context of the current Government of El Salvador (which assumed its functions on 1 June 2009), the state has recognized that practices such as the enforced disappearance of persons took place in the context of the internal armed conflict, causing profound suffering to the affected families.
In addition, it has recognized the right of the families of victims of enforced disappearance … to have access to a judicial remedy and to obtain reparations in accordance with the standards of International Human Rights Law applicable to El Salvador.