Norma relacionada
El Salvador
Practice Relating to Rule 98. Enforced Disappearance
El Salvador’s Human Rights Charter of the Armed Forces provides that “detention-disappearance” is a violation of human rights. 
El Salvador, Derechos Humanos. Decálogo de la Fuerza Armada de El Salvador, Ministerio de la Defensa Nacional, Departamento de Derecho Humanitario, p. 18.
El Salvador’s Penal Code (1997) provides for the punishment of the crime of enforced disappearance. 
El Salvador, Penal Code, 1997, Article 364.
In 2010, in its written replies to the Human Rights Committee concerning its sixth periodic report, El Salvador stated:
[I]n the context of the current Government of El Salvador (which assumed its functions on 1 June 2009), the state has recognized that practices such as the enforced disappearance of persons took place in the context of the internal armed conflict, causing profound suffering to the affected families.
In addition, it has recognized the right of the families of victims of enforced disappearance … to have access to a judicial remedy and to obtain reparations in accordance with the standards of International Human Rights Law applicable to El Salvador. 
El Salvador, Written replies by the Government of El Salvador to the list of issues formulated by the Human Rights Committee in connection with its consideration of the sixth periodic report of El Salvador, UN Doc. CCPR/C/SLV/Q/6/Add.1, 21 September 2010, § 61.
In 2010, in its written replies to the Human Rights Committee concerning its sixth periodic report, El Salvador stated in response to a question on the search for persons disappeared in the context of the internal armed conflict:
61. [The current Government of El Salvador, which assumed its functions on 1 June 2009,] … has recognized the right of the families of victims of enforced disappearance … to have access to a judicial remedy and to obtain reparations in accordance with the standards of International Human Rights Law applicable to El Salvador.
63. … [T]here has recently been important case law from the Constitutional Division of the Supreme Court of Justice, which in Habeas Corpus proceedings have extended the right to judicial protection of victims of enforced disappearance and transferred different cases to the Office of the Public Prosecutor for the investigation of these. In this respect, the Constitutional Division has held that a judgment against the defendant … [in habeas corpus proceedings] cannot have an immediate restorative effect. … [T]hus, the duty to investigate and establish the material situation of disappeared persons would fall to the Office of the Public Prosecutor, without the need for the act to have been previously classified as an offence. 
El Salvador, Written replies by the Government of El Salvador to the list of issues formulated by the Human Rights Committee in connection with its consideration of the sixth periodic report of El Salvador, UN Doc. CCPR/C/SLV/Q/6/Add.1, 21 September 2010, §§ 61 and 63.
(footnote in original omitted)