Norma relacionada
El Salvador
Practice Relating to Rule 135. Children
El Salvador’s Soldiers’ Manual provides that it is prohibited to “attack and maltreat … children”. The manual further states: “Any act of violence against … children … is a criminal, cowardly and dishonourable act, punishable by serious disciplinary sanctions.” 
El Salvador, Manual del Combatiente, undated, pp. 3 and 5.
El Salvador’s Human Rights Charter of the Armed Forces provides that children must be respected and protected. 
El Salvador, Derechos Humanos. Decálogo de la Fuerza Armada de El Salvador, Ministerio de la Defensa Nacional, Departamento de Derecho Humanitario, undated, pp. 7 and 13.
El Salvador’s Penal Code (1997), as amended to 2008, which contains a section on the violations of the laws or customs of war, states in the general section: “Criminal law will be equally applicable to all persons who at the moment of the act were over the age of eighteen. Persons under this age will be subjected to a special regime.” 
El Salvador, Penal Code, 1997, as amended to 2008, Article 17.
In 2002, in its second periodic report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, El Salvador stated:
495. The Welfare Programme for FMLN [Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional] Children was adopted to facilitate the educational reintegration and technical training of minors demobilized from the FMLN, aged between 15 and 16 on 16 January 1992, who had not had access to the Land Programme under the Supplementary Agreement between the Government of El Salvador and the FMLN.
496. The National Secretariat for the Family conducted a national survey to identify child beneficiaries of the project and the reintegration option they wished to choose, either technical training or education at Ministry of Education establishments. Among the children identified, 152 opted to attend public educational establishments and 97 to enrol for technical training. The National Educational Supervision Directorate of the Ministry of Education took the requisite steps to have them enrolled, giving them priority access to baskets of basic educational materials and priority for exemption from the corresponding enrolment quota.
497. Only nine of the children who opted for enrolment in educational establishments were successfully incorporated in the system. The National Secretariat for the Family, with support from the World Food Programme, supplied them with a basic food basket for a period of six months. Only one of the nine children completed the course of studies.
498. The Vocational Training Programme funded by the European Economic Community, and the Programme for Integration and Promotion of Employment of Demobilized Persons financed by the German corporation for international cooperation GTZ and the National Secretariat for the Family, attended to the needs of the target group and to those of a further 25 children for whom no provision had been made in the Programme. 
El Salvador, Second periodic report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, 22 October 2003, UN Doc. CRC/65/Add.25, submitted 10 July 2002, §§ 495–498.
[C]hildren's right – in particular girls’ – to quality education in war and disasters is a vital part of protecting children during conflict. Attending school can create a sense of normality and a vision for a better future in an otherwise chaotic situation. It is therefore all the more disturbing that there were attacks on education facilities in at least 70 countries in 2009-2013. Since then it has just escalated in a number of conflicts. We must increase our efforts to uphold the right to education, even in conflict situations. … The Safe Schools Declaration expresses a commitment to protect education from attack. It merits our full consideration and we hope that it will be endorsed by as many as possible. 
Finland, Statement by the permanent representative of Sweden before the UN Security Council during an open debate on children and armed conflict, made on behalf of Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, 18 June 2015.
In 2002, in its second periodic report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, El Salvador stated:
With regard to children who disappeared as a result of the armed conflict, some were evacuated from the conflict zones to ensure their physical safety; however, no specific record was kept of their movements or of whether they were handed over to humanitarian, governmental or non-governmental organizations. 
El Salvador, Second periodic report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, 22 October 2003, UN Doc. CRC/65/Add.25, submitted 10 July 2002, § 499.
In 2002, in its second periodic report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, El Salvador stated:
495. The Welfare Programme for FMLN [Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional] Children was adopted to facilitate the educational reintegration and technical training of minors demobilized from the FMLN, aged between 15 and 16 on 16 January 1992, who had not had access to the Land Programme under the Supplementary Agreement between the Government of El Salvador and the FMLN.
496. The National Secretariat for the Family conducted a national survey to identify child beneficiaries of the project and the reintegration option they wished to choose, either technical training or education at Ministry of Education establishments. Among the children identified, 152 opted to attend public educational establishments and 97 to enrol for technical training. The National Educational Supervision Directorate of the Ministry of Education took the requisite steps to have them enrolled, giving them priority access to baskets of basic educational materials and priority for exemption from the corresponding enrolment quota.
497. Only nine of the children who opted for enrolment in educational establishments were successfully incorporated in the system. The National Secretariat for the Family, with support from the World Food Programme, supplied them with a basic food basket for a period of six months. Only one of the nine children completed the course of studies.
498. The Vocational Training Programme funded by the European Economic Community, and the Programme for Integration and Promotion of Employment of Demobilized Persons financed by the German corporation for international cooperation GTZ and the National Secretariat for the Family, attended to the needs of the target group and to those of a further 25 children for whom no provision had been made in the Programme. 
El Salvador, Second periodic report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, 22 October 2003, UN Doc. CRC/65/Add.25, submitted 10 July 2002, §§ 495–498.
In 2006, in its written replies to the issues raised by the Committee on the Rights of the Child with regard to El Salvador’s initial report under the 2000 Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, El Salvador stated:
Disarmament, demobilization and social reintegration of child victims of activities contrary to the [Optional] Protocol [on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict]
The Welfare Programme for Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional (FMLN) Children was adopted to facilitate the educational reintegration and technical training of minors demobilized from FMLN, aged between 15 and 16 on 16 January 1992, who had not had access to the Land Programme under the Supplementary Agreement between the Government of El Salvador and FMLN.
The National Secretariat for the Family conducted a national survey to identify child beneficiaries of the project and the reintegration option they wished to choose, either technical training or education at Ministry of Education establishments. Among the children identified, 152 opted to attend public educational establishments and 97 to enrol for technical training. The National Educational Supervisory Office at the Ministry of Education took the requisite steps to have them enrolled, giving them priority access to baskets of basic educational materials and priority for exemption from the corresponding enrolment quota.
Only nine of the children who opted for enrolment in educational establishments were successfully incorporated in the system. The National Secretariat for the Family, with support from the World Food Programme, supplied them with a basic food basket for a period of six months. Only one of the nine children completed the course of studies.
The Vocational Training Programme funded by the European Economic Community, and the Programme for Integration and Promotion of Employment of Demobilized Persons financed by the German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) and the National Secretariat for the Family, attended to the needs of the target group and to those of a further 25 children for whom no provision had been made in the Programme. 
El Salvador, Written replies by the Government of El Salvador to the Committee on the Rights of the Child concerning the list of issues formulated by the Committee on the Rights of the Child in connection with its consideration of the initial report of El Salvador under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, 12 May 2006, UN Doc. CRC/C/OPAC/SLV/Q/1/Add.1, pp. 2–3.
[emphasis in original]