Practice Relating to Rule 103. Collective Punishments
Sweden’s IHL Manual (1991) considers that the fundamental guarantees for persons in the power of one party to the conflict as contained in Article 75 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I are a part of customary international law.
In a chapter on IHL rules during occupation, the manual refers to Article 33 of the 1949 Geneva Convention IV and states: “Protected persons may not be punished for actions they have not themselves performed. Collective punishment of a whole group is also prohibited.”
In 2007, Sweden’s Ministers for Foreign Affairs and for International Development Co-operation stated with regard to the situation in Gaza:
Israel is entitled to defend itself against being fired upon, but to interrupt electricity and fuel supplies to the civilian population in Gaza constitutes collective punishment and is not compatible with international law.