Practice Relating to Rule 159. Amnesty
Rwanda’s Law on the Prosecution of the Crime of Genocide and Crimes against Humanity (1996) provides: “The court having jurisdiction over the civil action shall rule on damages even where the accused … has benefited from an amnesty.”
In 1991, the President of Rwanda offered a general amnesty to Front Patriotique Rwandais (FPR) combatants accepting to lay down their weapons between 14 and 29 March 1991, provided they fulfilled certain conditions such as entering the country at a certain checkpoint and depositing their weapons at a specific place.
According to a report by a Rwandan human rights organization, the application of two amnesty laws in Rwanda in 1992 led to the release from prison of approximately 60 persons accused or detained for acts committed during the war or other politically motivated acts.