Practice Relating to Rule 57. Ruses of War
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states:
Ruses of war are not prohibited. Such ruses are acts which are intended to mislead an adversary as to the military unit’s condition, position and nature of operations. The following are examples of such ruses: demonstrations, misinformation, simulation and other actions stipulated by combat manuals in order to deceive the enemy and not violating the rules of international humanitarian law.