Practice Relating to Rule 54. Attacks against Objects Indispensable to the Survival of the Civilian Population
Section A. Attacks against objects
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states:
It is prohibited to destroy, remove or render useless objects indispensable for the survival of the civilian population (foodstuffs, agricultural areas for the production of foodstuffs, crops, livestock, drinking water installations and supplies and irrigation works).
With regard to internal armed conflict, the Regulations states: “Starvation of civilians as a method of combat is prohibited. It is therefore prohibited to attack, destroy, remove or render useless objects indispensable to the survival of the civilian population.”
In 1995, in its judgment in the Situation in Chechnya case
, the Russian Federation’s Constitutional Court recognized the applicability of the 1977 Additional Protocol II to the conflict in Chechnya. While noting that amendments to domestic legislation to ensure its application had not been adopted, the Court stated: “Nevertheless, provisions of [the 1977 Additional Protocol II] regarding … protection … of … facilities required for the survival of the civilian population … are binding on both parties to the armed conflict.”