Practice Relating to Rule 107. Spies
Section A. Definition of spies
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states:
spies means persons who, acting clandestinely, or on false pretences, obtain, or seek to obtain information within the territory controlled by a party to the conflict to be further transmitted to the adverse party.
Members of the armed forces engaged in gathering information in the territory controlled by the adverse party shall not be considered as spies and shall have the right to the prisoner of war status provided they were wearing the uniform of their armed forces when captured by the enemy.