Practice Relating to Rule 74. Chemical Weapons
Romania’s Law on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (1997) provides:
(1) It is prohibited for any person, under any circumstance:
(a) to develop, produce, acquire, retain or transfer chemical weapons, directly or indirectly, to other persons;
(b) to use chemical weapons;
(c) to engage, in any way, in military preparations to use chemical weapons;
(d) to assist, encourage or induce, in any way, other persons to engage in an activity prohibited under this Act;
(2) Persons means any natural or legal person on the territory of Romania including public authorities.
The Law further provides: “The act of using chemical weapons is considered as a criminal act and is punished.”
In 1966, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Romania supported Hungary’s view that the 1925 Geneva Gas Protocol had developed into customary international law and that the use of chemical weapons constituted an international crime.
In 1991, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Romania stated that it neither possessed nor produced chemical weapons.
At the First Conference of States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention in 1997, Romania reconfirmed its good intentions by once more emphasizing its commitment to global chemical disarmament.