Practice Relating to Rule 73. Biological Weapons
The Philippines’ Republic Act No. 8438 (1997) provides: “It is the policy of the Cordillera Autonomous Region to prohibit the development, storage, use or transport of nuclear, biological or chemical weapons within the region.”
At the CDDH, the Philippines proposed an amendment to include “the use of weapons prohibited by International Conventions, namely: … bacteriological methods of warfare” in the list of grave breaches in Article 74 of the draft Additional Protocol I (now Article 85).
The proposal was rejected because it failed to obtain the necessary two-thirds majority (41 votes in favour, 25 against and 25 abstentions).
The Report on the Practice of the Philippines states with reference to the prohibition of biological weapons: “The country holds such prohibition customary.”