Practice Relating to Rule 25. Medical Personnel
The Philippines’ Air Power Manual (2000) provides:
1-6.3. The 1949 Geneva Convention includes the doctrine of proportionality – a concept which provides foundation for LOAC … It also embodies the protection of the various classes of people affected by the hostilities.
1-6.5. In addition to the conventions, Additional Protocols are incorporated which deal with people and their claim to protection under defined circumstances, such as medical and religious personnel. Additional Protocol One includes international conflicts and wars of national liberation. In effect, it defines the protection of the civilian population in times of international conflict.
1-6.6. Additional Protocol Two defines two things: limitations in the conduct of operations and principles relating to the protection of civilians in a non-international conflict. Thus, every combatant should understand the consequences of this Protocol.
An agreement, concluded in 1990 between several Philippine governmental departments, the National Police, and a group of NGOs involved in the delivery of medical services, provides for the protection of health workers from harassment and human rights violations. The preamble to the agreement states that the parties are adhering to generally accepted principles of IHL and human rights law.
The Report on the Practice of the Philippines notes that medical personnel are given protection when they are delivering health services.
On the basis of an interview with an officer of the armed forces, the Report on the Practice of the Philippines states that members of the medical corps are not allowed to carry arms, except when in garrison, “because they become the target of the enemy”.