Practice Relating to Rule 149. Responsibility for Violations of International Humanitarian Law
Peru’s Military and Police Criminal Code (2010) states:
Article 80. – State Responsibility
Nothing in the present Title [which addresses crimes committed in states of emergency and in violation of international humanitarian law] concerning criminal responsibility of natural persons shall affect the responsibility which the State may incur under international law.
At the First Review Conference of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons in 1995, the observer for Peru, with respect to certain conventional weapons including anti-personnel landmines, stated that “provisions were needed to determine the responsibility of States for injuries suffered by non-combatant victims and for environmental damage”.