Practice Relating to Rule 29. Medical Transports
Section A. Respect for and protection of medical transports
New Zealand’s Military Manual (1992) states:
Medical transports are any means of transportation, military or civilian, permanent or temporary, assigned exclusively to medical transportation and under control of a competent authority of a party to the conflict.
Convoys of vehicles or hospital trains on land, and specially provided vessels at sea, conveying wounded and sick civilians, the infirm, and maternity cases must be protected and respected in the same way as civilian hospitals.
With respect to non-international armed conflicts in particular, it states that “medical … transports are to be respected at all times and not made the object of attack”.