Practice Relating to Rule 72. Poison and Poisoned Weapons
The Military Manual (1993) of the Netherlands states: “It is prohibited to use poison or poisoned weapons. This includes a prohibition to poison or contaminate water supplies.”
The Military Handbook (1995) of the Netherlands states: “It is prohibited to use poison and poisoned weapons.”
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states: “It is … prohibited to use poison or toxic weapons. This includes a prohibition of poisoning or contaminating the water supply.”
In its chapter on non-international armed conflict, the manual states:
It is prohibited to use weapons causing unnecessary suffering or excessive injury, or that are indiscriminate. This means that biological, chemical, toxic or intoxicating weapons … are forbidden.
The Definition of War Crimes Decree (1946) of the Netherlands includes the “poisoning of wells” in its list of war crimes.
Under the International Crimes Act (2003) of the Netherlands, “employing poison or poisoned weapons” is a crime, when committed in an international armed conflict.