Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Mali’s Army Regulations (1979) provides that, under the laws and customs of war, it is prohibited “to use improperly … the distinctive insignia recognized by international conventions”.
Mali’s Code of Military Justice (1995) punishes:
any individual … who, in time of war, in the area of operations of a military force and in violation of the laws and customs of war, improperly uses the distinctive signs and emblems defined in international conventions to ensure respect for persons, objects and places protected by these conventions.
Under Mali’s Penal Code (2001), “using … the distinctive signs provided for by the Geneva Conventions and, thereby, causing loss of human lives or serious injuries” is a war crime in international armed conflicts.