Practice Relating to Rule 130. Transfer of Own Civilian Population into Occupied Territory
Japan’s Law concerning the Punishment of Grave Breaches of International Humanitarian Law (2004) states:
Article 5 (Crimes of transferring to occupied territory)
… [F]or the purpose of settlement in the territory that a State occupies (hereinafter, the occupied territory) and as part of measures concerning occupation, a person who transfers to the occupied territory a person who has nationality of the State and resides within the territory of the State, shall be punished by imprisonment with labour for not more than 5 years.