Practice Relating to Rule 65. Perfidy
Section F. Simulation of protected status by using the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Referring to Israel’s Law of War Booklet (1986), the Report on the Practice of Israel states that the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) prohibit “the resort to perfidy to kill, injure or capture an adversary. Therefore, the IDF does not … make unlawful use of protected emblems.”
Israel’s Manual on the Laws of War (1998) gives the following examples of perfidy:
It is forbidden to pose as … Red Cross personnel or use [this] organization’s uniform, flag and emblem … It is prohibited to misuse the emblems of medical personnel (a cross, crescent or red shield of David).
Israel’s Manual on the Rules of Warfare (2006) states: “It is forbidden to harm those wearing the Red Cross symbol or to make false use of this insignia.”
The manual further states: “The deceitful use of the insignia of a medical team (a red cross, crescent or star of David) is also prohibited.”
The Manual on the Rules of Warfare (2006) is a second edition of the Manual on the Laws of War (1998).