Practice Relating to Rule 121. Location of Internment and Detention Centres
Israel’s Manual on the Laws of War (1998) provides: “The detaining state must evacuate the prisoners from the front as soon as possible, to get them out of harm’s way.”
Israel’s Manual on the Rules of Warfare (2006) states:
The country imprisoning them is required to remove prisoners-of-war from the front as soon as possible so that they are not harmed and not put in danger. The transfer of prisoners-of-war shall take place in such a way as not to put them in danger, for example, it is forbidden to conduct death marches of POWs [prisoners of war], as the Japanese were accustomed to do with their prisoners-of-war. The presence of prisoners of war must not be used for the “protection” of military targets from attack; prisoners-of-war must be provided with air raid shelters and other protection, as for the local population.
The Manual on the Rules of Warfare (2006) is a second edition of the Manual on the Laws of War (1998).