Practice Related to Rule 95. Forced Labour
Section B. Compelling persons to serve in the forces of a hostile power
Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, provides that grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions are punishable offences.
In addition, any “minor breach” of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, including violations of Article 51 of the Geneva Convention IV, is a punishable offence.
In 2009, Ireland’s Minister for Foreign Affairs, in a written response to a question on the situation in Sri Lanka, stated:
I believe that an independent review should consider the allegations of serious breaches of international humanitarian law in the course of the conflict, including … the forced conscription of civilians … into LTTE [Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam] units.