Practice Relating to Rule 7. The Principle of Distinction between Civilian Objects and Military Objectives
Hungary’s Military Manual (1992) instructs soldiers to always make a distinction between military objectives and civilian objects.
Under Hungary’s Criminal Code (1978), as amended in 1998, a military commander who “pursues a war operation which causes serious damage to … goods of the civilian population” is guilty, upon conviction, of a war crime.
Hungary’s Military Manual (1992) provides that “civilian aircraft escorted by enemy military aircraft” and “civilian aircraft that refuse to modify their routes, land or alight on water if so ordered and after warning” are proper targets in the air. The manual adds that “civilian aircraft that do not violate the airspace of a belligerent” are protected aircraft.