Practice Relating to Rule 153. Command Responsibility for Failure to Prevent, Punish or Report War Crimes
Croatia’s Commanders’ Manual (1992) provides: “The commander makes sure that violations of the law of war cease and ensures that disciplinary action is taken.”
Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), as amended to 2006, states:
A military commander or another person acting in effect as a military commander or as a civilian in superior command or any other person who in a civil organization has the effective power of command or supervision shall be punished for the criminal offences referred to … if he knew that his subordinates had committed these criminal offences or were about to commit them and failed to take all reasonable measures to prevent them.