Practice Relating to Rule 131. Treatment of Displaced Persons
Section D. Specific needs of displaced women, children and elderly persons
Guinea’s Children’s Code (2008) states:
Competent Guinean authorities shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that a Child seeking to obtain a refugee status or a Child considered a refugee receives the protection and humanitarian assistance he or she is entitled to irrespective of whether he or she is accompanied by his or her parents, a legal guardian or a next of kin.
In 2009, in its second periodic report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Guinea stated:
176. More than 80 per cent of separated children are refugees who have been displaced after conflicts broke out in the sub[-]region, in particular in Liberia and Sierra Leone, and following the rebel attacks endured by Guinea in 2000.
182. There is a category of children whose families have not been found despite many years of efforts. The solution in these situations should be in the best interest of the child.
183. A unit has been set up to search for long-term solutions for children who have not been reunited with their families. The solutions proposed include:
(a) Finding families for the most vulnerable children;
(b) Setting up income-generating activities for children to help them to become independent;
(c) Ensuring that those remaining with a foster family have a legal status that enables their long-term reintegration into society;
(d) Adoption carried out in accordance with the law, which can be the answer to some children’s problems.
Guinea also stated:
471. Guinea has been greatly affected by the civil wars in Liberia and Sierra Leone that have raged since 24 December 1989. Faithfully observing international human rights agreements, the  Convention [on the Rights of the Child] and the  African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, Guinea has generously opened its doors to more than half a million refugees, including more than 305,000 children and young persons under 18 years of age (or 61 per cent of the refugee population), traumatized and hounded by a war that threatens their survival. They have been given shelter throughout the national territory, but especially in Guinée Forestière.
476. Although a large majority of these children are now placed in foster families, their specific needs as separated children have not been taken into account. However, their wellbeing has become a cause for concern today. To date, few specific programmes have been implemented to meet their needs.
477. The exact number of children affected by this situation is not known. IRC [International Rescue Committee] puts the number of separated children living in Guinea at more than 10,000.
482. Action taken:
- Placement of unaccompanied and separated children
487. There are also shelters and counselling centres for the physical and psychological rehabilitation of … refugee children in particular.