Practice Relating to Rule 130. Transfer of Own Civilian Population into Occupied Territory
France’s Penal Code (1992), as amended in 2010, states in its section on war crimes related to international armed conflict: “Participating in the transfer, directly or indirectly, by an occupying power of parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies … is punishable by life imprisonment.”
The Report on the Practice of France states:
France is clearly opposed to the policy of fait accompli
of the settlement colonies which modify the demographic structure of the territory. It is also opposed to expulsion measures directed at the inhabitants of the occupied territories which are equally contrary to the fourth Geneva Convention. In relation to these Israeli measures, the French representatives even talk of “banishment” and “exceptional gravity”.