Practice Relating to Rule 103. Collective Punishments
Under Ethiopia’s Penal Code (1957), in time of war, armed conflict or occupation, the imposition of collective punishment on the civilian population is a war crime.
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) states:
Article 270.- War Crimes against the Civilian Population.
Whoever, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation organizes, orders or engages in, against the civilian population and in violation of the rules of public international law and of international humanitarian conventions:
(g) … the imposition of collective punishments …
is punishable with rigorous imprisonment from five years to twenty-five years, or, in more serious cases, with life imprisonment or death.
The Criminal Code of 2004 repealed Ethiopia’s Penal Code of 1957.