Practice Relating to Rule 37. Open Towns and Non-Defended Localities
Section C. Attacks on open towns and non-defended localities
Spain’s LOAC Manual (1996) prohibits attacks against open towns and non-defended localities.
The manual further states that “launching an attack against … non-defended localities” constitutes a war crime.
Spain’s LOAC Manual (2007) prohibits attacks against open towns and non-defended localities.
Spain’s Penal Code (1995) provides for the punishment of “anyone who, in the event of armed conflict, should … knowingly violate the protection due to … undefended areas … which are duly identified with signs or the appropriate distinctive signals”.