Practice Relating to Rule 135. Children
Section A. Special protection
Djibouti’s Manual on International Humanitarian Law (2004) states:
Children are extremely vulnerable in situations of armed conflict. State parties to an armed conflict must guarantee the protection and care of children affected by such conflict. Therefore, … captured child combatants below the age of fifteen years must be protected.
The manual also states that “children below the age of fifteen who have become orphans or have been separated from their families for reasons related to the war may not be left to themselves.”
In 2011, in the History and Geography Textbook for 9th Grade, Djibouti’s Ministry of National Education and Vocational Training, under the heading “Codes and wisdom”, stated: “One does not kill children.”
Under the heading “Ethics of Debne warriors” [inhabitants of the Dikhil region in Djibouti], the ministry also stated:
5. Spare children … that are not armed.
6. Spare vulnerable persons (… [such as] children …) and release them.